Characteristics of Self-Actualization Scale (CSAS)

The 30-item Characteristics of Self-Actualization Scale (CSAS) was developed to bring the concept of self-actualization so frequently discussed by the founding humanistic psychologists into the 21st century. Grounded in Abraham Maslow’s original writings on the characteristics of self-actualizing people, the CSAS measures 10 facets of self-actualization: (1) Continued freshness of appreciation, (2) Acceptance, (3) Authenticity, (4) Equanimity, (5) Purpose, (6) Efficient Perception of Reality, (7) Humanitarianism, (8) Peak Experiences, (9) Good Moral intuition, and (10) Creative Spirit.

Reference: Kaufman, S.B. (2018). Self-Actualizing people in the 21st century: Integration with Contemporary Research on Personality and Well-Being. Journal of Humanistic Psychology.

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Awe Experience Scale (AWE-S)

Awe is a complex emotion composed of an appraisal of vastness and a need for accommodation. The Awe Experience Scale (AWE-S) is a robust state measure of awe, based on the extant experimental literature. The scale includes 6 factors: altered time perception, self-diminishment, connectedness, perceived vastness, physical sensations, and need for accommodation.

Reference: Yaden, D.B., Kaufman, S.B., Hyde, E., Chirico, A., Gaggioli, A., Wei Zhang, J., & Keltner, D. (2018). The development of the Awe Experience Scale (AWE-S): A multifactorial measure for a complex emotion. The Journal of Positive Psychology.

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Healthy Personality Scale 

What basic personality traits characterize the psychologically healthy individual? The Healthy Personality Scale measures healthy personality functioning based on an analysis of existing items on the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R). Those scoring high on the Healthy Personality Scale are more likely to have good self-regulatory skills, have an optimistic outlook on the world, and have a clear and stable self-view. They are also more likely to be low in aggression and meanness, are unlikely to exploit others, are relatively immune to stress, and are more self-sufficient.

Reference: Bleidorn, W., Hopwood, C.J., Ackerman, R.A., Witt, E.A., Kandler, C., Riemann, R., Samuel, D.B., & Donnellan, M.B. (2018). The healthy personality from a basic trait perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

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